什么搭建lamp(CentOS7+Apache+MySQL+PHP)环境

发布时间:2019-02-19  栏目:Python  评论:0 Comments

自家在网上搜了许多有关材料,然后自个儿开展了瞬间组成,把重复的排除,不另行的接纳性获取过滤,整合完了后头在地头虚拟机上尝试搭建了下,很顺利的搭建成功。

在网上搜资料,自身在地面虚拟机上尝试搭建,弄了任何一天一夜,终于弄好了.
网上的材质,纵然很多,但大致都以重新的,拿去试了解后,又很多都无法赢得正确的结果.最后找到了适合作者的linux环境的搭建格局;在那边贴出来:
Install Apache, PHP And MySQL On CentOS 7
(LAMP)

度娘真不给力啊,没搜出来可信的章程。最后用喜乐搜找到的可靠的学科。

虚拟机:win10系统自带的虚构机Hyper-v(虚拟机都大概)

此地依旧要总计一下自个儿的LAMP环境的搭建步骤。
自个儿先在微机里装了虚拟机,在虚拟机中测试了数十次自此,再在服务器上搭建的。
说说小编的条件:
虚拟机是:VMware-workstation-full-8.0.0-471780.exe;
Linux系统用的是:CentOS-7-x86_64-Minimal-1503-01.ios;(Ali云上也是用的CentOS7-64bit)
防微杜渐好这五个之后,就开首一步一步搭建大家的LAMP环境了。

Linux系统:centos7

壹 、安装虚拟机

推荐先在虚拟机中测试了后来,再在服务器上搭建环境。

二、安装CentOS7

① 、安装虚拟机

注意:以下安装,我都是用的root权限。

二、安装CentOS7

三、安装Apache
1.安装
yum -y install httpd
2.开启apache服务
systemctl start httpd.service
3.设置apache服务开机运营
systemctl enable httpd.service
4.验证apache服务是不是安装成功
在本机浏览器中输入虚拟机的ip地址,CentOS7查看ip地址的法门为:
ip addr
(Ali云不必要用那种措施查看,外网ip已经在你主机列表那里给您写出来了的;)
那边是造访不成功的
(Ali云用外网访问,能学有所成,不须求做以下步骤)
查了素材,说法是,CentOS7用的是Firewall-cmd,CentOS7以前用的是iptables防火墙;要想让外网能访问到apache主目录,就需求做以下的操作:
firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service=http
firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service=https
firewall-cmd --reload
接下来再拜访外网ip,如若看到apache暗许的页面–有Testing
123…字样,便是马到成功安装了apache服务了;

注意:以下安装,我都是用的root权限。

四、安装PHP
1.安装
yum -y install php
2.重启apache服务
systemctl restart httpd或者systemctl restart httpd.service
下一场,你可以写七个php文件在浏览器中运营一下了;
eg:
vi /var/www/html/info.php
i
<?php phpinfo(); ?>
Esc
:wq
接下来,在团结电脑浏览器输入 192.168.1.1/info.php
运转,会现出php的有些新闻

三、安装Apache
1.安装
yum -y install httpd
2.开启apache服务
systemctl start httpd.service
3.装置apache服务开机运转
systemctl enable httpd.service
4.验证apache劳动是还是不是安装成功
在本机浏览器中输入虚拟机的ip地址,如若看到apache私自承认的页面–有Testing
123…字样,便是水到渠成安装了apache服务了。

五、安装MySQL
小编这边依据所学的极度教程,也安装了玛丽亚DB
1.安装
yum -y install mariadb-service mariadb
2.开启MySQL服务
systemctl start mariadb.service
3.安装开机运转MySQL服务
systemctl enable mariadb.service
4.设置root帐户的密码
mysql_secure_installation
下一场会冒出一串东西,可以仔细读一下,如果您懒得读,就在指示出来的时候,按Enter就好了,让您设置密码的时候,你就输入你想要的密码就行,然后继续在让您采用y/n是,Enter就好了;当全数截止的时候,你可以输入mysql -uroot -p的艺术,验证一下;

CentOS7查看ip地址的格局为:
ip addr
走访应该是没戏的,原因如下:
查了资料,说法是,CentOS7用的是Firewall-cmd,CentOS7此前用的是iptables防火墙;要想让外网能访问到apache主目录,就须求做以下的操作:
firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service=http
firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service=https
firewall-cmd --reload
下一场再拜访外网ip,就足以了。

六 、将PHP和MySQL关联起来
yum search php,拔取你必要的安装:yum -y install php-mysql

四、安装PHP
1.安装
yum -y install php
2.重启apache服务
systemctl restart httpd或者systemctl restart httpd.service
然后,你可以写3个php文件在浏览器中运作一下了;
eg:
vi /var/www/html/info.php
i
<?php phpinfo(); ?>
Esc
:wq
下一场,在和谐电脑浏览器输入 10.17.1.223/info.php
运行,会冒出php的有的音信

七 、安装常用的PHP模块
例如,GD库,curl,mbstring,…
1.安装:
yum -y install php-gd php-ldap php-odbc php-pear php-xml php-xmlrpc php-mbstring php-snmp php-soap curl curl-devel
2.重启apache服务
systemctl restart httpd.service
然后,再一次在浏览器中运作info.php,你会看出安装的模块的音讯;

五、安装MySQL
安装MariaDB
1.安装
yum install mariadb mariadb-server mariadb-libs mariadb-devel
2.开启MySQL服务
systemctl start mariadb.service
3.安装开机运转MySQL服务
systemctl enable mariadb.service
4.数据库安全设置

迄今,LAMP环境就搭建好了。

[root@localhost ~]#
mysql_secure_installation

NOTE: RUNNING ALL PARTS OF THIS SCRIPT
IS RECOMMENDED FOR ALL MariaDB
SERVERS IN PRODUCTION USE! PLEASE READ
EACH STEP CAREFULLY!

In order to log into MariaDB to secure
it, we’ll need the current
password for the root user. If you’ve
just installed MariaDB, and
you haven’t set the root password yet,
the password will be blank,
so you should just press enter
here.

Enter current password for root (enter
for none):
OK, successfully used password, moving
on…

Setting the root password ensures that
nobody can log into the MariaDB
root user without the proper
authorisation.

Set root password? [Y/n]
y

New password:
Re-enter new password:
Password updated successfully!
Reloading privilege tables..
… Success!

By default, a MariaDB installation has
an anonymous user, allowing anyone
to log into MariaDB without having to
have a user account created for
them. This is intended only for testing,
and to make the installation
go a bit smoother. You should remove
them before moving into a
production environment.

Remove anonymous users? [Y/n]
y

… Success!

Normally, root should only be allowed to
connect from ‘localhost’. This
ensures that someone cannot guess at the
root password from the network.

Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n]
n

… skipping.

By default, MariaDB comes with a
database named ‘test’ that anyone can
access. This is also intended only for
testing, and should be removed
before moving into a production
environment.

Remove test database and access to it?
[Y/n] y

  • Dropping test database…
    … Success!
  • Removing privileges on test
    database…
    … Success!

Reloading the privilege tables will
ensure that all changes made so far
will take effect immediately.

Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n]
y

… Success!

Cleaning up…

All done! If you’ve completed all of the
above steps, your MariaDB
installation should now be
secure.

Thanks for using MariaDB!

5.登陆数据库测试

[root@localhost ~]# mysql -uroot
-p
Enter password:
Welcome to the MariaDB monitor. Commands
end with ; or \g.
Your MariaDB connection id is
11
Server version: 5.5.52-MariaDB MariaDB
Server

Copyright (c) 2000, 2016, Oracle,
MariaDB Corporation Ab and others.

Type ‘help;’ or ‘\h’ for help. Type
‘\c’ to clear the current input statement.

MariaDB [(none)]> show
databases;
+——————–+
| Database |
+——————–+
| information_schema |
| mysql |
| performance_schema |
+——————–+
3 rows in set (0.02 sec)

MariaDB [(none)]>

陆 、将PHP和MySQL关联起来
``yum -y install php-mysql

柒 、安装常用的PHP模块
例如,GD库,curl,mbstring,…
1.安装:
yum -y install php-gd php-ldap php-odbc php-pear php-xml php-xmlrpc php-mbstring php-snmp php-soap curl curl-devel
2.重启apache服务
systemctl restart httpd.service
下一场,再度在浏览器中运作info.php,你会看到安装的模块的音信;

于今,LAMP环境就搭建好了。

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